The Interplanetary Trade Commission (ITC) was an NGO and later Government Agency established from the great conglomerates that led the settlement of the Solar System. The ITC was created to manage the flow of raw materials throughout the system, and operate as a pseudo-central bank for colonists and former affiliates of the Mars Corporation. The ITC eventually came to finance the Planetary Guards of the solar system, act as the financial and monetary apparatus of the system, and served as a diplomatic apparatus to the governments of Earth. To many it was the legitimate government of colonies for over 50 years until the ITC was rolled into the duties of the US Department of Commerce, always pushing to fully integrate the colonies into Union as full member states and defend their interests until such a time.
The ITC would go onto formalize the Quantum Economic Model (QEM) as the primary method for organizing the flow of resources to the colonials. The Quantum Economic Model (QEM) is an economic system in which the economy is planned, simulated, and managed by both ITC quantum computer netwroks, which work in concert with smaller networks across the system, running simulations trillions of times a second on virtually every economic scenario to insure a stable, prosperous economy for the system. Essential services and basic resources, largely already under the control of the founding companies of the ITC (which were themselves little more than individual trade commissions with their own QEM networks) are all controlled by the ITC through the QEM. Resources are distributed to people based on need, as determined by the analysis of the computer networks, and essential services are created and managed to keep the economy operating at peak efficiency. Quantum economics was gradually introduced in the colonies during the early days of space colonization, when people's consumption of resources and basic needs were strictly regulated due to rationing. As time went on and the resources of the solar system became readily available to the point that any world with sufficient space access could enjoy a post scarcity economy, quantum economic theory continued to grow and evolve, becoming the primary means of managing post-scarcity resources in a planetary system, territory, or even township. Automation (far more prevalent in the colonies earlier in history due to the settlers initial lack of manpower), drove the QEM into full swing as the post scarcity economy no longer required large portions of the population to support it. Market-based economics exist within the QEM to promote entrepreneurial activity, but are not beyond the control of the QEM because private enterprise ultimately depends on the price of raw materials. Thus recessions and depressions can be avoided by simultaneously controlling prices, interest rates, and credit availability through quantum economic management. Additionally, quantum economics solves unemployment problems through its management of basic services. An economically inactive person (unemployed) receives the bare minimum resources required to keep them from endangering the rest of the economy, but the QEM takes advantage of any inflation in the inactive pool of the populace to offer socially-beneficial opportunities to individuals. These are essentially community service jobs that are HIGHLY targeted to those who request them, not just based on skill, but everything from personal history, psychology, pathology, interrelationships, etc. For most though, the QEM enables people to live comfortable lives that let them seek personal fulfillment, be they industrious, entrepreneurial, artistic, etc.